‘Eldorado: Everything the Nazis Hate’ on Netflix, which was directed by Benjamin Cantú, truly lives up to its title in every way imaginable while bringing us heartbreaking stories. This is due to the fact that it uses new and exclusive interviews with historians and influential figures to emphasize the impact of the Nazis on the LGBTQ+ community. But for now, if you just want to know more about what happened to the three gay men of that time, Gottfried von Cramm, Magnus Hirschfeld, and Manasse Herbst, we’ve got you covered.
How did Gottfried von Cramm die?
Although Gottfried was an accomplished professional tennis player who had taken home a few International Major titles in the 1930s, everything changed for him just before the war. The Nazis wanted to use him as a symbol of Aryan superiority since he was a tall, blond, blue-eyed man, but he adamantly refused to accept his view of his world. Therefore, while he was still happily married to Elisabeth Lisa von Dobeneck (1930-1937), he was briefly imprisoned in 1938 due to his homosexual relationship with Manasse Herbst; He reportedly knew of and approved of the affair due to the trust they shared.
Although Gottfried had no idea at the time that the Nazis would ban him from ever representing his country in tennis again because of this mark on his name. After all was said and done, the retired athlete from 1952 was awarded the Silver Laurel Leaf, the country’s highest sporting honour, by the President of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Actually, we should point out that Gottfried briefly made headlines when he married Woolworth heiress Barbara Hutton in 1955, only for them to part ways peacefully in 1959. On November 8, 1976, the 67-year-old was tragically killed (along with his driver) when their car collided with a truck near Cairo, Egypt. The chairman of the board of directors of the Lawn Tennis Club Rot-Weiss was visiting Egypt on business.
How did Magnus Hirschfeld die?
Due to his unrivaled contribution to the subject of sexology in particular, the German physician Magnus Hirschfeld can only be described in one word: revolutionary. After all, the supposedly secret homosexual did more than support queer rights; he also researched people’s behaviors, interests, and tendencies to benefit his community as a whole.
So it should come as no surprise that Magnus founded the first LGBTQ+ research and advocacy group to ever exist, the Institut für Sexualwissenschaft (or Institute for Sexology/Sexual Research). This expert in philosophy, philology and medicine is also credited with creating the World League for Sexual Reform in 1921 and the Humanitarian Scientific Committee in Berlin in 1897.
Unfortunately, the Nazis closed Magnus’s entire institute in 1933 and eventually exiled him to France, as every aspect of his person and work went against what the Nazis stood for. On May 14, 1935, his birthday, the 67-year-old Jew tragically died there; the cause was a heart attack when he was inside his apartment at 63 Promenade des Anglais in Nice.
How did Manasse Herbst die?
Manasse Herbst, born in Austria-Hungary, was much more than Gottfried von Cramm’s former lover; he was also a theater actor, film actor and singer. In truth, the Jew had performed in 416 performances of the operetta “White Horse Inn” while secretly dating the tennis star in the early 1930s, only to lose his job when the Nazis came to power.
With the help of Gottfried, whom he reportedly thanked personally afterward, Manasse fled Germany at the age of 23 for fear of losing his life. Soon after, he became a proud American citizen. He eventually managed to create a home for himself in Hallandale, Florida, where he tragically died on January 3, 1997, at the age of 83. Although his cause of death has never been established, it may have been natural.
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